The relationship between sleep duration and obesity risk among school students: a cross-sectional study in Zhejiang, China.
Wang H., Hu R., Du H., Fiona B., Zhong J., Yu M.
Background: Obesity has been identified as a major risk factor for a large number of chronic diseases. Understanding factors related to adolescent obesity is critical for prevention of chronic diseases. The associations between sleep duration and obesity among adolescents in the existing literature are controversial. Our study was designed to determine the prevalence of short sleep duration, and assess the association of sleep duration and obesity, among middle and high school students in Zhejiang, China. Methods: 18,403 Students in 442 schools were recruited and surveyed using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaires. Weighted multivariable logistic regression models were used for data analyses. Results: The mean (SD) age of the students was 15.9 (1.8) years. 49.7% of students were girls. The mean (SD) height and weight were 166.2 (8.5) cm and 54.6 (11.1) kg, respectively. The overall prevalence of obesity and overweight were 3.4% (95% CI: 3.0-3.8) and 7.8% (95% CI: 7.4-8.3), respectively. The overall prevalence of short sleep duration among students was 66.0% (95% CI: 63.8-68.1), higher among girls than boys (69.8% vs. 62.1%) (P